In order to sell a new vehicle in a given country a national regulator must approve it for sale by ensuring that it complies with the country’s rules, which generally focus on safety and emissions. Since autonomous drive technology doesn’t effect emissions, “regulatory approval” in the context of the United States means demonstrating compliance with the safety requirements of FMVSS.
29 states have passed legislation concerning autonomous vehicles and 11 more states have enacted executive orders affecting self-driving vehicles. Some of these rules, like legislation passed in Florida and an executive order in Arizona, explicitly allow driverless vehicles on the state’s roads. Others, like executive orders in Washington, Ohio, and numerous other states simply order the creation of committees or working groups to study the issue. Some states have passed rules permitting autonomous vehicles provided they meet existing FMVSS and DMV standards or carry specific amounts of insurance, but only a few have rules that impose a meaningful compliance burden on the developers or operators of autonomous vehicles that meet state and federal non-autonomous vehicle rules.
California’s DMV has set the most thorough and far-reaching rules regarding AVs anywhere in the US… requiring permits for autonomous vehicle testing with a human “safety driver,” without a human “safety driver,” as well as for “public deployments,”
– Meet FMVSS requirements
– DMV public deployment permit – submit an application outlining the operational domain for Full Self-Driving (presumably everywhere), have the ability to log data and make updates and “certify” that it is satisfied that its vehicles are safe for use on California’s roads and meet industry cybersecurity standards.
– Take legal liability for any property damage, injuries or death caused by its self-driving cars, and provide some form of insurance or self-insurance against that liability
– Submits testing information
– Provides an educational program to consumers
– Can communicate owner information to law enforcement
– Has a “communication link” to a remote operator, “if any.”