Twenty-one EU countries voted against a European Commission plan that would have shut out 5G cellular car links (
C-V2X ) in favor of short-range Wi-Fi (802.11p) . This means either V2X technology may be used
which is a de facto win for 5G. Towers with 5G radios are already going up in multiple EU countries, so deployment of C-V2X will be easier and cheaper than 802.11p.